Inventions & Discoveries
Many inventions were made in the medieval Islamic world, especially during the “Islamic Golden Age” (8th to 13th centuries), as well as the late medieval period. Here are a few that have had long lasting influence on our daily lives even today.
He called his invention “Qamara” and the name has been used ever since. It was based on previous descriptions of the phenomenon by Aristotle and Chinese texts. Today we refer to this as a “Camera Obscura” and while it does not actually record images as do modern cameras, the basic principals of optics and light discovered and recorded by Ibn Al-Haytham are what allow all cameras to operate.
The First University
Al Quaraouiyine was founded with an associated madrasa, in 859 by Fatima al-Fihri, the daughter of a wealthy merchant named Mohammed Al-Fihri. The Al-Fihri family had migrated from Kairouan (hence the name of the mosque), Tunisia to Fes in the early 9th century, joining a community of other migrants from Kairouan who had settled in a western district of the city. At that time, the city of Fes was the capital of the Idrisid Dynasty.
The school still exists and is now a state university. It is 1159 year old.
More inventions and innovations
Lustre glazes were applied to pottery in Mesopotamia in the 9th century; the technique soon became popular in Persia and Syria. Earlier uses of luster are known.
Frequency analysis in cryptology
the first known recorded explanation of cryptanalysis was given by Al-Kindi (also known as “Alkindus” in Europe), in A Manuscript on Deciphering Cryptographic Messages. This treatise includes the first description of the method of frequency analysis.
Mercuric chloride (formerly corrosive sublimate)
Emirate of Granada
Hookah or Waterpipe
Hookah or Waterpipe
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